Understanding PCOS and the role of nutrition

By Amber Charles-Alexis, MSPH, RDN

June 7, 2021

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common cause of infertility in women of childbearing age. This blog describes the impact of PCOS on women’s health and the role of nutrition in PCOS management.

What is PCOS | Symptoms | Diagnosis | Risk factors | Health impact | Nutrition | Takeaway

Picture: Canva, stock image

What is PCOS?

PCOS is a disorder of the female endocrine system – the network of glands responsible for producing the female reproductive hormones – estrogen and progesterone (1, 2).

Hormones are chemical messengers that control bodily functions, including metabolism, blood sugar, blood pressure and reproduction (3).

Women with PCOS produce higher levels of the male hormone, testosterone, and have lower levels of estrogen,